Creating a Bird-Friendly Courtyard with Houses and Feeders

Birds are nature’s messengers, bringing with them songs, colors, and a sense of wonder. Whether you’re an avid birdwatcher or simply someone who enjoys the occasional chirp, creating a bird-friendly courtyard can be a rewarding endeavor.

By providing houses and feeders, you can transform your space into a haven for these winged visitors. Here’s how to get started.

Understand Your Local Birds

Before diving into the design, it’s essential to know which birds are native to your area. Different species have different needs, so understanding your local avian population will help you cater to them more effectively.

Visit local nature centers or use online resources to identify the birds in your region. Apps like Merlin Bird ID or websites like the Cornell Lab of Ornithology can be invaluable.

Choosing the Right Birdhouses

Birdhouses, also known as nesting boxes, provide shelter for birds to raise their young. Different species prefer different sizes and types of houses. For instance, bluebirds prefer entrance holes that are 1.5 inches in diameter, while chickadees might prefer something smaller.

As far as materials are concerned, untreated wood, like cedar or pine, is ideal. It’s durable and provides good insulation. Avoid metal, which can overheat in the sun.

Position birdhouses at varying heights and locations. Some birds prefer open spaces, while others like the cover of trees or shrubs.

Setting Up Bird Feeders

Feeders are a great way to attract a variety of birds around your house and courtyard. There are several types, including tube feeders, platform feeders, and suet feeders. Each attracts different species. For instance, finches love tube feeders, while robins and cardinals might prefer platform feeders.

Offer a variety of foods. Black oil sunflower seeds are a favorite for many birds. Nyjer seeds attract finches, and suet is perfect for woodpeckers. Remember to avoid mixes with a lot of filler seeds.

Place feeders near shrubs or trees, providing birds with a quick escape from predators. However, ensure they’re at least 10 feet away from windows to prevent collisions.

Water Sources


These are the most common water sources in Bird Friendly Courtyard. They come in various designs, from simple shallow dishes to ornate, pedestal-based structures. The key is to ensure they are shallow, ideally between 1 to 3 inches deep, allowing birds to wade in.


If you have the space and resources, a small pond can be a fantastic feature. Not only will it attract birds, but it can also become a habitat for fish, frogs, and beneficial insects. Consider adding a gentle waterfall or fountain; the sound of moving water is particularly attractive to birds.

Drippers and Misters

These are attachments that can be added to birdbaths or ponds. They create a gentle drip or mist, which birds find irresistible. The movement also helps keep mosquitoes at bay.

Position your water sources in a location where birds can easily spot them, yet have some nearby shrubbery or trees to retreat to if they sense danger. This balance between visibility and safety is crucial.

Natural Landscaping

While birdhouses and feeders are essential, don’t forget the importance of natural habitat. Planting native trees, shrubs, and flowers can provide natural food sources like seeds, berries, and insects. They also offer shelter and nesting materials.

Also, chemicals can harm birds directly or reduce their food sources by killing off insects, so avoid using pesticides.

Safety First

Creating a bird-friendly courtyard also means ensuring the safety of your feathered friends. If you have cats, it’s best to keep them indoors or supervise their outdoor time. Cats are natural predators and can pose a significant threat to birds.

Birds often fly into windows, mistaking reflections for the open sky. You can prevent this by placing decals or netting on windows or by using specially designed bird-safe glass.

Maintenance and Observation

After the initial setup of any system or project, the ongoing work often lies in its maintenance and observation. This is especially true when it comes to creating a habitat or environment for birds. Here’s a deeper dive into these two critical aspects:

Clean Feeders

Over time, bird feeders can accumulate waste, mold, and other contaminants. These can be harmful to birds and might even deter them from visiting. Moreover, dirty feeders can become breeding grounds for harmful pathogens, which can spread diseases among the bird population.

To clean a feeder, first empty out any old seeds. Use a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water to disinfect the feeder. Scrub it thoroughly with a brush, ensuring you reach all corners and crevices. Rinse the feeder well with clean water to ensure no bleach residue remains. Allow it to air dry completely before refilling it with fresh seed. This helps in preventing mold growth.

While every two weeks is a general guideline, if you notice the feed getting wet or moldy or the feeder becoming visibly dirty, it’s best to clean it immediately.


Watching birds go about their daily routines can be a therapeutic experience. Their graceful movements, varied colors, and melodious chirps can be a source of relaxation and can help reduce stress.

Regular observation allows you to learn about different bird species, their behaviors, feeding habits, and interactions. Over time, you might be able to identify different species just by their calls or appearance.

By observing, you can identify if certain feeders are more popular than others, if there’s a particular time of day when birds frequent your space, or if there are any potential threats (like predators) in the vicinity. This information can guide you in making necessary adjustments to your setup.

Tips for Effective Observation

Keep a birdwatching journal. Note down the species you spot, their behaviors, and any patterns you observe. This not only enhances your experience but also serves as a valuable record over time.

Consider investing in a good pair of binoculars or even a telescope for a closer look. A field guidebook can also be beneficial for identifying and learn about different species.

Birds are wild creatures and might not always show up when you expect them to. Be patient, and over time, as they become accustomed to your feeders and feel safe, you’ll likely see increased activity.


Creating a bird-friendly courtyard is a journey of discovery. As you watch different species visit, nest, and raise their young, you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the natural world right outside your door. With a bit of planning and care, your Bird Friendly Courtyard can become a sanctuary for birds, offering them a safe haven while bringing joy and beauty to your daily life.


Authors bio

Lucas Green is a young digital marketing enthusiast from Phoenix, Arizona, US. Passionate about graphic design, social networking, content writing, and business in general. In his spare time, he writes extensively about graphic design, traveling, and business for Blog Post Biz.

Bird Friendly Courtyard
Creating a Bird-Friendly Courtyard
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